It is safe to say that by now, a good portion of the population of the world has heard of CBD. Being touted as a miracle drug, CBD has the capability to handle a litany of medical concerns. But understanding it – what it is and how it works – is just the first step. The next step, if it is something that you strive to do, is making it yourself. This guide will teach you not only what CBD oil is and how it works, but how to create it on your own.
How does CBD Oil Work?
Marijuana has over 110 active cannabinoids found in its plant. The most common one, cannabidiol or CBD, has the natural ability to bind with various receptor sites in our body. These can include the immune system and the brain, and they work to restore your body to optimum levels of functionality.
They do so by influencing the activity controlled by those receptor sites. CBD oil is known for its ability to battle various ailments like anxiety, depression, insomnia, muscle spasms, pain, psychosis, neurodegenerative disorders, and so many other ailments out there. With all of those ailments alleviated, it’s no surprise that CBD gets the title of “wonder drug.”
It is the body’s endocannabinoid (ECS) system that is actually responsible for the physiological and physical effects of cannabis on the human body. It is also responsible for the regulation of bodily functions including mood, appetite, metabolism, immune function, sleep, digestion, temperature, neural development, cardiovascular function, reproduction, memory, and learning. And that’s not even taking into account that the ECS is responsive to fighting various illnesses in the body.
Because CBD is effective in its ability to both regulate and influence the endocannabinoid system, it makes it extremely effective as a remedy for various health issues. With more and more studies being done on CBD oil, we are only beginning to scratch the surface as to what it can do.
Why are so many using CBD Oil?
Besides the litany of positive health effects that CBD oil has, it also can provide the body with some of the essential oils that are missing from many of our diets. This can include omega fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, flavonoids, and even important terpenes and proteins.
And since CBD oil does not contain THC, it is not a psychoactive and won’t leave you with that high that marijuana does. It is little wonder that so many people are joining the CBD oil movement due to all of its positive effects.
Is CBD Marijuana?
Until recently, the best-known compound in cannabis was delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the most active constituent of marijuana and is effectively the part of the marijuana plant that gets you high. Marijuana contains both THC and CBD, but it is important to note that these compounds have different effects.
THC creates a mind-altering "high" when a person smokes it or ingests it in any way, shape or form. This is because THC breaks down when we apply heat and introduce it into the body.
CBD however, is different. Unlike THC, it is not psychoactive, so this means that CBD does not change a person's state of mind. However, CBD does appear to produce significant positive changes in the body, and some research suggests that it has medical benefits.
How to Make CBD Oil
The first method is known as the “oil method”. This way of extracting CBD is considered to be one of the safest ways there is of doing so. With this method, you will need to make use of a carrier oil; think something like olive or coconut oil.
This method has been gaining popularity because it is completely safe and free of those unwanted residues that other methods can produce. Not only that, the user will get the benefits from the extracted CBD as well as that of the carrier oil. It’s a win-win.
Making CBD oil through the oil method:
Before getting started, it is important to understand that the quality of cannabis that you use will dictate the quality of the end product. For this reason, it is best to pick a high-quality strain that was sourced from a reputable retailer.
To get started, choose leaves, buds, and stems from a high-quality cannabis plant. In order to ensure quality, it is essential that the raw cannabis has gone through the process of decarboxylation. To do this, bake the buds and leaves at a temperature of 220°F for between 90 and 100 minutes. This is the process of heating the plant at a certain temperature for a specific period of time in order to activate the plant’s chemicals.
In a mason jar, mix the ground-up weed with the carrier oil of your choice, then saturate the weed with the oil. You can make adjustments to the quantity of oil and add more depending on how potent you want it to be.
Once the saturation has taken place, it is time to bring the oil-weed mixture to a boil. Screw the lid of the mason jar tightly to ensure that no water or steam gets into the oil mixture.
Place a towel in the bottom of a pot and put the mason jar on top of the towel. Fill the pan with water and heat it until it reaches a temperature of at least 200 degrees.
Regularly check the pot to ensure that the water inside has not evaporated. Turn off the stove after letting the oil mixture simmer for three hours, then let it sit for around another three hours.
After this is done, it is recommended to heat the oil mixture again for three hours, to turn off the heat, and leave it again for the night.
The next morning, your CBD oil will be ready to use. Proceed ahead by straining the mixture through cheesecloth and storing it in a cool, dark and dry place.
The ‘Alcohol Method’ is also known as the ethanol method. One of the pros when it comes to this CBD oil-extraction process is that it does not require any special skills or any type of advanced equipment, making it great for beginners.
Alcohol, the extracting agent in this process, is preferred since it does not leave an unpleasant taste or odor like the other agents.
Making CBD oil through the alcohol method:
Start by placing the marijuana in a glass or ceramic bowl. Make sure to cover it with alcohol and stir it for about 6 minutes. Once this is done, use a wooden spoon to extract the resin produced.
Place a straining bag or sieve in the bowl so that you can filter out the solvent. Squeeze out as much of the extract as possible. If you feel that more oil extraction is possible from the weed, keep going with the squeezing process.
In a double boiler, pour the extracted oil and heat it until you see bubbles start to form. The aim here is to make the alcohol evaporate without raising the temperature. Wait until the oil simmers for about 30 minutes or so on a very low flame. Once the alcohol evaporates completely, mix it and turn off the flame.
Once cooled, transfer the concentrated extract in a storage bottle with a tight lid in a cool, dark and dry place.
By far one of the most popular methods of extraction for CBD oil involves using CO2. This system is meant to take advantage of CO2’s unique properties. These properties allow it function in all states of matter: gas, liquid, and solid. Closed-loop extractors are the most commonly used method for this process of creating CBD.
The CO2 extraction process begins with a solid piece of CO2 (dry ice). This piece gets pumped into a second chamber that contains the cannabis material. The chamber is kept at a pressure that the CO2 stays in liquid-like state and then absorbs all the oils and flavors that the plant provides.
When this happens, the CO2-cannabinoid mixture ends up getting pumped into a third chamber where the CO2 is then allowed to return to its gas state. This leaves the oil and the flavors from the plant behind for future use.
If you are looking to further refine the oil that you have already created, you can actually run it through a process called short path distillation. This process is meant to take advantage of the fact that the different compounds in CBD oil all have their own boiling point.
To obtain the purest possible CBD oil, you can boil off the different compounds that have a lower boiling point than the actual CBD oil itself. Short path distillation begins by making sure that you slowly heat the CBD mixture until the extraneous substances have all begun to boil off.
The vapors that form by this process then travel through a distillation tube until they reach the cooling coils. This is where they condense. From there, they will drip down and into a separate collection container where the process continues until only the purest of CBD oil is left at the end.
Creating the finest and purest CBD oil possible means that you won’t get any of the cloudiness that can come with some impure forms. You will still get the same benefits, but the clearer distillation will result in a smoother overall experience than ever before.
One of the most important parts of harvesting that pure, high-quality CBD oil is through the process of winterization. This is the process where those undesirable substances are removed from the oil. This leaves you with the purest form of CBD that you can get, leaving out those nasty impurities that can cloud the effects of the oil if left in.
It is definitely important to note that this is a part of harvesting the CBD isolate, not a full-spectrum CBD. The full-spectrum CBD will keep those substances in it. Know the difference before proceeding with the winterization process.
When you have finished extracting the oil, you can combine it with 200-proof alcohol and then freeze the concoction overnight. Come morning time, it will be ready to run through a filter. This process can remove the fats and other similar materials.
When the oil hits the quality that you are looking for, you can then heat the mixture to the boiling point of the alcohol – which is actually lower than the boiling point of CBD oil – and boil off that additional alcohol.
Things to Remember
The key with any of these methods is to make certain that you follow the directions to the letter of the law. Going outside of the guidelines that are in place could produce a residue or result in impure CBD which is not the optimal goal here.
Creating CBD oil on your own requires a level of patience that not everyone has. It also includes possessing marijuana to extract the CBD oil from, which could raise some questions of legality depending on what state you reside in.
Make certain that you check your state’s laws on marijuana possession; the laws vary greatly from state to state and could come with penalties for possession. The last thing you want to do is try to make CBD oil on your own and wind up in trouble with the law.
If you can, making CBD oil is a great way to give yourself a natural and effective method to fight the litany of ailments listed before. CBD oil is just starting to scratch the surface in terms of possibilities, and we learn more and more about what it can combat on a daily basis.
If you can’t afford to by CBD oil that has already been extracted by a company, doing it yourself is certainly something to try. It doesn’t require anything more than time and patience, making it an affordable and realistic possibility for those interested in making the oil themselves.
CBD oil has been all the rage in the medical world and with good reason. Now, you can get in on the craze yourself with a helpful guide such as this. Follow directions, proceed with caution and patience, and you can be on the way to enjoying your own CBD oil.